LL.M. and MCL applicants are generally required to have completed a first degree in law or a strong undergraduate concentration in legal coursework in their home country.
An LL.M. or MCL candidate for whom English is not their first language must demonstrate fluency in English via a TOEFL score of 94 IBT, IELTS score of at least 7.0, TOEIC score of at least 830, or equivalent TOEFL, IELTS, or TOEIC scores in other formats. An English proficiency score which is slightly lower than our minimum requirement is not rejected outright, especially when other factors, such as educational background and work experience, are outstanding. We do not offer conditional admission in place of the above mentioned test score requirements, but we do have a special LL.M. and MCL summer program for English and legal English improvement.
Our SJD program is for international law graduates who already hold an LL.M. degree and who have demonstrated exceptional analytical and research abilities. For all programs, an applicant's educational history should demonstrate exceptional performance, based on factors such as courses completed, GPA, class rank, and other indicators.
SJD applicants, even with US LL.M. degrees, must demonstrate fluency in English via a TOEFL score of 100 IBT or an IELTS score of at least 7.5.